Integrating Change Management & Project Management: A Standard Practice

    Apr 11, 2017 | Posted by Andre Low

    Across academic and non-academic research studies, literature¹ has consistently exemplified that effective change management and leadership significantly improves the successful implementation of organisational projects and initiatives. In this article we compare what McKinsey found on the success factors of managing transformational change with that of Prosci® Best Practices in Change Management - 2016 Edition.

    Table 1: Success Factors of Change

    McKinsey  Prosci
    • Setting clear, aspirational targets;
    • Creating a clear structure;
    • Maintaining energy and involvement throughout the organization; and
    • Exercising strong leadership
    • Active and visible sponsorship/leadership
    • Structured change management approach
    • Dedicated change management resources
    • Integration and engagement with project management
    • Employee engagement and participation
    • Frequent and open communication
    • Engagement with middle managers

    Chess image.jpg


    Apart from some differences in semantics, it's intriguing to see how similar they are. These overlaps highlight how success does not typically happen by chance, but rather, by clever planning and ruthless execution within the organisation. Clear structured methodologies, dedicated and effective leadership, committed employees and involved mid-level managers are all part of the success formula.




    However, according to the literature², the problem is that the distinction between changes, projects, programmes, and processes are often not clearly drawn and therefore, there is often a blur in the roles played by change, process, project, and programme management. Executives and managers tend to mistakenly perceive that changes are naturally managed within programmes and projects. This is where the integration of change management and project managemenet is key. 

    This perspective is dangerously flawed and may lead to overestimates of the capabilities that programme and project management are able to effectively deliver. Moreover, there is also a tendency to elevate programme and project management in status as if they are of higher importance than change management. 

    These misconceptions significantly reduce the return of investment and business outcomes that organisations aim to achieve. Project management should be understood as an approach that handles the technical changes within an organisation while change management deals with the people side of change. According to the Prosci® PCT triangle, the overall projects' outcomes and return on investment (ROI) depends equally on leadership/sponsorship, change management and project management.



     Prosci PCT triangle.png


    To reiterate, organisations are about achieving business outcomes and return on investment. Prosci’s research has shown that projects with excellent change management are:

    • 96% more likely to meet or exceed their objectives
    • 72% more likely to be on schedule
    • 81% more likely to be on or under budget

    CMC Partnership provides Prosci® Delivering Project Results - a one-day, engaging and results-orientated workshop which is designed to bring the two disciplines together. Participants will gain awareness of how change management can help them meet a Project’s intended outcomes.

    Interested in finding out more? Access our brochure to learn more about the Prosci® Delivering Project Results workshop.

    Read our Brochure



    course photo #7.jpgKeen to sign up?

    The upcoming Prosci® Delivering Project Results workshops are to be held in London on 6th June or in Singapore on 3rd July. If you're interested in managing transofrmational change within your organisation, register below. 

    Register now






    ¹Gilley, A., Dixon, P., Gilley, J.W., 2008. Characteristics of leadership effectiveness: implementing change and driving innovation in organizationsHum. Resour. Dev. Q. 19 (2), 153–169.

    ¹McKinsey & Company, 2010. Retrieved from

    ¹Prosci 2016. Best Practices in Change Management - 2016 Edition

    ¹Standish Group, 2013. Chaos report 2013. Retrieved from

    ¹Turner, J.R., Müller, R., 2005. The project manager's leadership style as a success factor on projects: a literature review. Proj. Manag. J. 36 (2), 49–61.

    ²Gareis, R. 2010. Changes of organizations by projects. International Journal of Project Management 28 (2010) 314–327


    Topics: Business Transformation